Volume 7, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 136-142
Epidemiological and Histopathological Features of Small Intestine Cancer in Cameroon: About 47 Cases
Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Laquintinie Hospital of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Servais Eloumou, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon; Douala Gyneco - Pediatric Hospital, Douala, Cameroon
Amadou Fewou, Douala General Hospital, Douala, Cameroon; Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, The University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Clémentine Essaga Essaga, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Bruno Djimeli Djougmo, Laquintinie Hospital of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
Gilbert Ateba, Douala Gyneco - Pediatric Hospital, Douala, Cameroon; Pravilna Laboratory, Douala, Cameroon
Godefroy Simo, Bio-Medical and Cancer Center of Bafoussam, Bafoussam, Cameroon
André Moune, Anapathos Laboratory, Douala, Cameroon
Received: Aug. 25, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 9, 2019;       Published: Oct. 9, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.crj.20190704.13      View  49      Downloads  15
Bakground: The small intestine represents the longest part of the digestive tract. The small bowel cancer is rare, but is increasing worldwide. Methods: Data was analysed retrospectively from the medical records concerning cancer of the small intestine histologically proven, from different histopathology laboratories in Cameroon, for 13 years (2004-2016). The variables studied were the frequency, age, gender, risk factors, location and histopathologic type Results: 3.34% (47 cases /1407) of digestive cancers observed during the period of study. There were 23 female and 24 male patients, with a mean age of 49,77±15,84 (11 to 78 years), the sex ratio of men to women 1.04. The main risk factors were Intestinal polyp, adenomatous polyp and polyposis with 6 cases 25.00%, respectively. The ileum location was the most represented with 47.37%. Adenocarcinoma was the most frequent histological type with 33 cases (70.21%). Conclusion: Small intestine cancer is the sixth malignant tumor of the digestive tract in Cameroon. The mean age of onset is 49.77 years with a relative male predominance. The most common histological type is adenocarcinoma.
Small Intestine, Small Bowel, Cancers, Epidemiology, Histopathology, Cameroon
To cite this article
Jean Paul Ndamba Engbang, Servais Eloumou, Amadou Fewou, Clémentine Essaga Essaga, Bruno Djimeli Djougmo, Gilbert Ateba, Godefroy Simo, André Moune, Epidemiological and Histopathological Features of Small Intestine Cancer in Cameroon: About 47 Cases, Cancer Research Journal. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 136-142. doi: 10.11648/j.crj.20190704.13
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